Here’s an interesting passage near the very end of Plato’s Timaeus on the proper care of the soul…

#48. Fitness of Mind… ‘As we have said more than once, there are housed in us three distinct forms of soul, each having its own motions. Accordingly we may now say, very briefly that any of these forms that lives in idleness and fails to exercise its own proper motions is bound to become very strong; hence we must take care that these motions are properly proportioned to each other. We should think of the most authoritative part of our soul as a guardian spirit given by god, living in the sumit of the body, which can properly be said to lift us from the earth towards our home in heaven; for we are creatures not of earth but of heaven, where our soul was first born, and our divine part attaches us by the head to heaven, like a plant by its roots, and keeps our body upright. If therefore a man’s attention and effort is centered on appetite and ambition, all his thoughts are bound to be mortal, and he can hardly fail, in so far as it is possible, to become entirely mortal, as it is his mortal part that he has increased. But a man who has given his heart to learning and true wisdom and excercised that part of himself is surely bound, if he attains to truth, to have immortal and divine thoughts, and cannot fail to achieve immortality as fully as he is permitted to human nature; and because he has always looked after the divine element in himself and kept his guardian spirit in good order he must be happy above all men. There is of course only one way to look after anything and that is to give it its proper food and motions. And motions that are akin to the divine in us are thoughts and revolutions of the universe. We should each therefore attend to these motions and by learning about the harmonious circuits of the universe repair the damage done at birth to the circuits in our head, and so restore understanding and what is understood to their original likeness to each other. When that is done we shall have achieved the goal set us by the gods, the life that is best for this present time and for all time to come.’ (89e-90d)

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